Pet Stays Partners with MND VictoriaMND News: March/April 2017 & Fundraising and Donations. Pet Stays created by Jeannene Anchen whose father Richard died from MND in February 2015. Richard and Jeannene fundraised for MND together wherever they could and Jeannene promised her Dad that she would continue the fight to raise awareness and funds for MND, in the aim to help find a much needed cure for this disease. Since her father’s death Jeannene has established a business Pet Stays, which provides a caring and safe home boarding option for pets. Jeannene will donate 10% of the profits of all pet bookings made though her website www.petstays.net.au to MND. In time she will be offering pet related products. She plans to also donate 10% back to Motor Neurone Disease (MND). If you’re planning to be away and need someone to look after your pet please check out Jeannene’s website. Contact via email on firstname.lastname@example.org MND Victoria provides and promotes the best possible care and support for people living with Motor Neurone Disease (MND). This includes a range of services to support people with MND, their carers, family, friends and health professionals. Find out more information about Motor Neurone Disease or to make a donation just go to http://www.mnd.asn.au
About Pet StaysPet Stays assists pet owners to find a trusted local pet sitter when they go away or even for pet daycare and walks. Offering peace of mind for your extended pet family, 24/7 customer service and we may even send photos of your pet on request. We guarantee liability insurance but only when you book direct through www.petstays.net.au 24/7 customer service Super easy to book online Client reviews and ratings My pet sitting community are passionate about pets offering personal and loving attention in their own homes or even yours. Do you want to be a pet sitter with Pet Stays? We offer you the opportunity to meet and greet new people and pets Opportunity to promote your service and receive an income which you feel is appropriate. Flexible hours and working environments Secure online payments Included is Pet Stays insurance cover if certain accidents unfortunately occur Our aim is to ensure pet owners find a trusted local pet sitter when they go away or even for pet daycare and walks. Our pet sitting community are passionate about pets offering personal, loving attention in their own homes or even yours We can even text photos of your pet on request whilst you are out about on business or holidays
The opportunity to donate to MNDGiving back: To give something back to the wider community through my donate now to MND. Your support is greatly appreciated Please assist if you can. No donation is too small. https://www.mnd.asn.au/
A little about Motor Neurone Disease:Motor neurone disease (MND) is the name given to a group of diseases in which the nerve cells – neurones – controlling the muscles that enable us to move around, speak, breathe and swallow, fail to work normally. With no nerves to activate them, muscles gradually weaken and waste. The patterns of weakness vary from person to person. There is no known cure and no effective treatment for MND Average life expectancy is 2.5 years* MND is a progressive, terminal neurological disease MND can strike anyone Each day in Australia two people die from MND Each day in Australia two people are diagnosed with MND People with MND progressively lose the use of their limbs and ability to speak, swallow and breathe, whilst their mind and senses usually remain intact More than 2,000 people have MND in Australia or whom 60% are male and 40% are female* Mean time from onset to confirmation of diagnosis is 10 to 18 months* Prevalence of MND in 2015 was 8.7 per 100,000 people or 1 per 11,434 Australians* Approximately 58% of people with MND are under the age of 65* The total cost of MND in Australia was $2.37 billion in 2015. This equates to $1.1 million per person* For every person diagnosed with MND it is estimated that a further 14 members of their family and their friends will live with the effect of MND forever
HIP DYSPLASIA IN DOGSHip dysplasia in dogs is a deformity of the hip joint (coxofemoral joint) occurring during an animal’s growth period. Many large breed dog owners have heard of it. Anyone owning a dog should become familiar with this condition. The ball of the femur can not fit properly into the hip socket. Affected dogs may show absolutely no signs of this condition. Others may show severe signs.
What causes hip dysplasia?Several factors contribute to the development of this problem. Some breeds are more likely to genetically inherit hip dysplasia. German Shepherds, Labrador Retrievers, Golden Retrievers, Rottweilers, St Bernards and Old English Sheepdogs are just a few. Environmental factors also play a role in the development of dysplasia including diet, weight gain and exercise.
What to look out forHip dysplasia develops in young growing dogs. Signs maybe noticed as early as four to six weeks of age. There is no link between age and severity of this condition. Avery young puppy can be debilitated very early. In other cases dogs may not show any abnormalities until one or two years of age. In some cases may not become painful and lame until they are geriatric (6-10 years of age depending on breed). Here are some signs you should look out for:-
Hind leg lamenessLack of coordination in the hind quarters (swaying and staggering) Reluctance to run and jump Difficulty when attempting to lie down or stand up Abnormal gait Diagnosing hip dysplasia Your veterinarian will undertake a physical examination checking the motion of your dog’s hip joint. X-rays maybe taken to confirm the condition, and highlight the amount of associated arthritis.
TreatmentVarious medical and surgical options are available today to help restore your pet’s mobility and ease discomfort. The method of treatment depends on a number of factors including age and severity of the problem. Surgery is generally a last option and is usually recommended when other forms of treatment are not effective, when athletic performance is desired in young patients or to slow the progression of degenerative joint disease to enhance the probability of good long term limb function.
Non surgical optionsNon surgical treatment is essentially the same as treatment for arthritis including a weight management program (including nutritional supplements), medications to help support and repair cartilage and medications to relieve pain and reduce inflammation.
Surgical optionsFemoral head ostectomy (FHO) The hip joint is a ball and socket joint. FHO is the removal of the ball part of the joint. This gives excellent results in small dogs because a functional “false joint” forms. Some large dogs may not form this “false joint” as well however this is recommended for patients with severe arthritis, if the hip dislocates, or if the expense of the other procedures is prohibitive. Triple osteotomy is a procedure in which the pelvis is cut in three places around the hip joint. The bone is rotated to create better alignment with the femoral head (the ball). It is reattached so that the joint functions in a more normal fashion without looseness and pain. This should only be performed in a dog with no arthritic changes in the joint and is only an option for younger patients. Total Hip Replacement (THR) is possible, as is done in humans. The hip joint is replaced with an artificial ball and socket. Often made of plastic and stainless steel attached to the pelvis and femur in place of the abnormal joint. This procedure can give many years of pain free use of the hips. However, is generally only an option for patients who have not responded to other forms of treatment, and is a very specialised procedure.
Diet and exercise in growing dogsThere is a growing body of evidence indicating that dogs that grow very rapidly are more likely to have hip dysplasia. Authorities recommend feeding a specifically formulated puppy food to puppies of high risk breeds so their growth is slower. Puppies will still reach their full genetic body size. Just not as rapidly. Avoid excessive exercise in a growing puppy. Any abnormality in the structure of the hip joint is magnified if excessive running and jumping occur. It is not necessary to treat your puppy as if it were disabled. Long sessions of running or repetitively chasing thrown objects, running on the beach or alongside a bike can be detrimental to joints.
Caring for a dog with hip dysplasiaThere are a few things you can do to assist your pet:- If you suspect your pet has hip dysplasia, seek advise immediately to minimise the arthritic changes that will develop as the problem worsens. Monitor your dog’s body weight and avoid obesity, ask your vet or healthcare team for a nutritional plan Avoid strenuous exercise but provide moderate exercise as indicated by your veterinarian.
Getting ReadyMake your dog’s birth process as smooth as possible. Help her get set up for the big day. Pick out the coziest, calmest and most silent area of your residence to arrange a relaxing whelping box, blankets and all. The goal is to ensure the mother dog feels as secure and self-assured as possible before going into labor. Try to arrange all of this a week prior to your pet’s expected labor date. Doing this allows your dog plenty of time to get used to the setting.
Birthing StylesWhen it comes to birthing styles, canines, just like people, are all different. Many dogs appreciate the company of humans as they go through parturition. Many dogs also, on the other hand, favor doing things more privately. If your dog is in the latter camp, stay as low-key as possible. Also make a point to be accessible should your assistance be necessary. A “primigravida” pooch is a first-time mom, and therefore requires even more diligent supervision than a more experienced one. All the way from the beginning to the end, in the event of difficulties.
Emergency ContactIt’s important for you to be nearby while your dog goes through labor. At the same time, it also helps to stand slightly back and allow your pet to do her thing, naturally. The goal is to carefully monitor her and any puppies she delivers for indications of whelping concerns. Make sure you have access to a telephone and contact information for your veterinarian, should a problem arise. Keep your vet’s phone number available, along with a second number in case the clinic isn’t open.
Signs of Possible ComplicationsDogs generally whelp without any issues. However, exceptions are always possible. If you notice that your dog has had contractions for between 30 minutes and an hour without any puppy coming out, notify your veterinarian pronto. Do the same if you pick up on any indications of severe pain. If you’re sure more puppies are inside and more than four hours go by without any of them emerging, vet assistance is imperative. If your dog gives off blackish-green vaginal discharge without delivering her youngsters in a time span of between three and four hours, help is vital.
BreedsCertain canine breeds often, for health purposes, need Caesarean section births. Therefore veterinary assistance during delivery. This applies to both primigravida and experienced doggie moms. Many brachycephalic canines need c-sections because of their notably big heads. These breeds include pugs, Boston terriers, Chihuahuas, Yorkshire terriers, bulldogs, border terriers, Pekingese and boxers. Talk to your veterinarian about the safest and most appropriate birthing options for your bet, natural or otherwise.
Cryptococcal infections in pets. Contact Your VetCryptococcus, a relatively common infection caused by a yeast-like fungus called Cryptococcus neoformans. The fungus is widespread in the environment. Cats, dogs, humans, and other animals can become infected. The condition is much more common in cats than dogs. It is primarily a problem in animals that have weak or compromised immune systems.
How Pets Acquire a Cryptococcal InfectionCryptococcal infection is acquired most commonly by inhaling the infectious spores in bird droppings. Particularily, pigeon droppings. The fungus has also been found in soil, fruit, and even in the skin of healthy people. However, the main source of exposure and contamination is pigeon poop. Pigeons rarely become infected with cryptococcus, because their body temperatures are too high to support the growth of the fungus, which passes through their GI tract and is concentrated in their feces. If the fungus is deposited where it is protected from sunshine and drying out, it can actually survive in the environment for up to two years. Once your cat inhales the spores, the fungus sets up shop in the upper respiratory tract, typically in the nasal passages or the lungs. In immunologically healthy animals, the fungus remains isolated and doesn’t create any problems at all. In cats with suppressed immune systems (for instance, those that are dealing with feline leukemia or FIV), the disease can take hold and spread to other organs. This includes the brain, eyes, lungs, and the central nervous system. This type of disease progression can result in granulomas, pneumonia, or systemic disease. Cryptococcal infections are not zoonotic, which means they are not spread between humans and animals. The only way to acquire this illness is through direct exposure to the fungal spores themselves.
Symptoms and DiagnosisSymptoms of cryptococcus vary depending on the organ systems affected by the fungus. Often, symptoms are systemic and nonspecific, such as diminished appetite, weight loss, or lethargy. Other signs to watch for in your cat or dog are sniffling, sneezing, raspy breathing, or a runny nose. Sometimes infected animals can have hard lumpy swellings over the bridge of the nose, skin lesions on the top of the head, or swollen lymph nodes. If the fungus has invaded the central nervous system, there can be head tilting, nystagmus (a strange, abnormal back and forth eye movement), the inability to blink due to paralysis of the facial nerves, or loss of coordination, including circling and seizures. Eye problems are also very common. It can include hemorrhage in the retina, as well as inflammatory conditions of the eye like chorioretinitis and anterior uveitis. Diagnosis of a cryptococcal infection can be done quickly and easily through examination of either discharge from the kitty’s nose or skin lesions. The fungus is usually very easy to spot under a microscope and easily cultured in the laboratory. There’s also a widely used blood test that identifies the fungus, called the latex agglutination test. If a lump is biopsied, diagnosis is made by microscopic examination of the removed tissue. Once a definitive diagnosis is made, the cat should also receive a complete workup to determine if there’s an underlying disease that has compromised the immune system. Any underlying conditions must be treated in order to successfully treat the cryptococcal infection.
Cryptococcosis in DogsCryptococcosis is a localized or systemic fungal infection caused by the environmental yeast, Cryptococcus. This fungus grows in bird droppings and decaying vegetation, and is generally associated with Eucalyptus trees. However, it is found worldwide and some areas of southern California, Canada and Australia have been found to be more prone to the fungus. The fungus is contracted through the dog’s nasal passages. It then passes into the brain, eyes, lungs and other tissues. It is usually rare in dogs. The condition or disease described in this medical article can affect both dogs and cats.
SymptomsSymptoms will vary and depend greatly on the organ systems affected by the fungus. However, animals may have a history of problems for weeks or months, be especially sluggish, and (in less than 50 percent of animals) have a mild fever. Other symptoms include:
- Nervous system signs — seizures, wobbly, uncoordinated or “drunken” movements weakness, blindness
- Skin ulceration
- Enlarged lymph nodes
- Vomiting and diarrhea
- Lack of appetite
- Nasal discharge
CausesCryptococcus yeast normally is inhaled through the nasal passages. Occasionally, these organisms may reach the terminal airways, although it is unlikely. It can also infect the stomach and the intestines, entering through the gastrointestinal tract.
DiagnosisYour veterinarian will be making a diagnosis based on findings from the following tests:
- Samples will be taken from the nasal passages, or a biopsy from the bumpy tissue that protrudes from the nasal passages; flushing the nose with saline may dislodge infected tissue
- Biopsy of skin lesions of the head
- Aspirates of affected lymph nodes
- Blood and urine cultures
- Blood tests to detect the presence of Cryptococcus antigens
- If your dog shows symptoms of neurological disease, a spinal tap and examination of cells needs to be done
Grieving is completely normalIt is completely natural and it most of all is certainly nothing to be ashamed or embarrassed of. Grieving is how we respond to loss, and it can have various effects on our physical and mental health. It is normal to experience a wide range of feelings when you are grieving the death of a pet. These feelings may include sadness, guilt, anger and denial, and you may also have trouble sleeping. Each person will have his or her own unique way of coping with the death of a pet, and the process will take longer for some than others. It is important that you are able to recognise and acknowledge when you may require professional help to deal with your grief. Hence, if you are experiencing any of the following, you should consider seeking professional help: Unable to carry out day-to-day activities Experiencing relationship problems as a result of the grief You are experiencing anxiety or depression Feelings associated with your grief last for an extended period
Saying goodbyeYou may find comfort in creating a memorial for your pet, perhaps by putting a special plant or plaque in your garden. Therefore, you may also wish to hold a funeral or memorial service because just maybe it may give yourself and your family the chance to farewell your beloved pet. Pet cemetery or cremation services can provide guidance and help you and your family decide if this is the right option for you. If you don’t feel comfortable doing any of these things, that’s perfectly fine. What works for other people may not work for you. Grieving is about discovering how you cope with loss and there is no right or wrong way to go about it.
Talking to childrenIt can be difficult for children to come to terms with the death of a pet. They may not understand the situation. In some cases, it may not be appropriate to go into detail about how your pet died. Nethertheless, try to answer your children’s questions as honestly as you can. It is important that they understand your pet will not be coming back. If children are under the assumption that their pet has just ‘gone away’, they might blame themselves for the pet’s disappearance.
Who can I talk to?Grieving the death of a pet can be a very difficult journey. It is not one that you need to take alone. Talking about your loss with someone you trust may help you feel better about the situation. If you don’t feel comfortable talking to a relative or friend, consider contacting a telephone counseling service or a grief support group. Lifeline – 13 11 14 www.lifeline.org.au
House TrainingFirst, teach your dog that being home alone is okay. Every dog should be able to stay on his own all day without falling apart emotionally or becoming destructive. From the time you first get him, whether he’s a puppy or an adult, practice leaving him alone. Start with just a minute or two and gradually extend the length of time as you become comfortable with his behavior while you’re out of sight. Dogs can be in their crate, a special dog room or dog run and once you know he’s trustworthy leave him on his own in the house. Potty accidents too will tell you how long your dog can be left without needing to go outside. Don’t re-enter the room if he’s crying, whining, howling or barking. Wait until he’s quiet, then go in and praise him in a brief, matter-of-fact tone of voice. You want him to think that being on his own is normal and safe. Give him a treat when you leave but not when you return. Make sure he has constructive ways to occupy his time when you’re not around. Stuff a Kong toy with enough goodies to keep him busy for hours. Fill a puzzle toy with his daily ration of kibble so he has to work for his meals. Hide treats or favorite toys around the house for Fido to find while you’re gone. A word of caution. Before leaving your dog alone, make sure any toys in the environment are indestructible. Leave the radio tuned to a calming classical station or a talk radio show. Choose the station carefully. You don’t want to come home to a dog who is fired up, listening to people shout at each other all day.
Social LifeThink about getting your dog a friend. This can be a cat (they absolutely can be good buddies if you introduce them properly) or another dog. If a second pet is more than you can commit to, arrange for another dog to come visit. Talk to a friend or neighbor about exchanging a play date time. Of course, this works only if the dogs are already friendly toward each other. You might also need to hire some help. Depending on your dog’s activity level and athleticism and bladder control, bring in a dog walker to take him for a walk or run, or a pet sitter to play with him in your home. Your dog enjoys playing with other dogs? A doggie daycare or dog camp in your area will be perfect. He spends the day there while you’re gone. www.petstays.net.au Contact Pet Stays. A great boarding option. www.petstays.net.au Mobile: 0438937570 or email@example.com When you are home, give your dog some quality time. For a quick outing, take him with you when you run errands. Choose ones where you don’t have to leave him in the car, such as picking up the kids from school, going to the drive-thru at the bank or buying food at the pet supply store. Go for a walk, every day, and give him plenty of sniffing time. Play hide-and-seek games such as nose work. Practice his obedience commands. Beyond his walk, which should be an appropriate distance and speed for his breed and age, just a few minutes of these activities will enrich your relationship with your dog, even if he spends a chunk of the day without you.